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Patna University

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The Patna University came into being by an Act of Legislature in 1917. It is the 7th oldest University to be established on the Indian subcontinent and the first in Bihar.
The University was established as an examining body and conducted examinations right from Matriculation to the Postgraduate classes. Its jurisdiction extended to Bihar, Orissa and Nepal and for four decades since its inception, this University guided the destiny of these States.
The Patna University remained the only University of Bihar till January 1952 when its character was changed to a Residential University though for some years it continued to conduct examinations of educational institutions in Nepal till the Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, came into being. After establishment of the Utkal University, Bhubneshwar, the Patna University ceased to exercise its control over educational institutions in Orissa.
The Central Library is the largest and oldest Library of Bihar established in the year 1919 and is catering to the needs of the students, teachers and research scholars not only of the University but of other institutions also. It is located in the centre of the campus and heart of the Town. The Library has been connected to Inflibnet and steps are being taken to computerize the working. The Library has many old manuscripts and historical records. Due to insufficient infrastructure and modern facilities, the library is finding it difficult to maintain the rare volumes. The increased no of users & students have made the reading rooms too small to accommodate the readers. It is intended to modernize the Library and provide modern facilities.



The University Central Library is rendering its services to the teachers, students and researchers round the clock. The number of volumes at present is about 3,00,000 besides 87 periodicals and 50,000 back issues of Journals. It has more than 5000 valuable old manuscripts, which are very rare and are of much use to the research scholars. The number of thesis reports is around 15,000. The library caters to the needs of about 1000 readers daily. Unfortunately the reading hall capacity is limited to only 500 students and there is dearth of space for keeping the new additions in all the sections.
Since its birth, the University was fortunate to have the guidance and co-operation of eminent residents of Bihar and Orissa such as Hasan Imam (who became the President of Indian National Congress) Dr. Rajendra Prasad (the first President of our republic and an eminent freedom fighter), Sachidanand Sinha (the first President of the Constituent Assembly of India and the maker of the modern Bihar and the longest serving Vice-Chancellor of Patna University), Braj Kishore Prasad (a great freedom fighter) etc. Some very distinguished scholars who were internationally known, such as Sri Jadu Nath Sarkar, Ram Autar Sharma, D.M.Datta, H. P. Maity, C. J. Hamilton and other served this university as teachers in its early years. Sir Syed Sultan Ahmad, an eminent Barrister and High Court Judge was the Vice-Chancellor of this University for seven years. He became Member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council for Law and later for Information and Broadcasting. Justice B. P. Singh, the former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India, Justice L. M. Sharma, former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India, Justice K. B. N. Singh, Ex-Chief Justice of Madras and Patna High Court as well as Governor of Madras and Bihar, Mr. Lal Narain Sinha, the first Attorney General of India and a number of political decision makers and many others who are presently holding the key posts of the Government of India and the various State Governments are the illustrious alumini of this University.
From the very beginning the University had a number of well-known institutions both professional and non-professional associated with it. It has a full-fledged Law College, Teachers’ Training College along with Engineering and Medical Colleges.
Right from its inception this University has acted as the torch-bearer of modern scientific and technical education in Bihar, Orissa and Nepal. It is needless to emphasize that the University became the harbinger of modernity, social transformation and economic growth.
The alumni of this University participated in India’s freedom struggle at all stages. When the non-cooperation movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920, the students of Patna University especially those studying engineering decided to boycott all Government-run educational institutions. They requested the leaders of the non-cooperation movement in Bihar, Maulana Mazharul Haque, to provide an alternative institution so that they could continue their studies. Bihar Vidyapeeth was, thus, born and the inauguration was performed by Mahatma Gandhi.
When nationalism was still nascent in the country, the two patriotic brothers of renowned Kulharia Zamindar family Sri Bisheshwar Singh and Sri Shaligram Singh founded the B. N. (Bihar National) College (1889) who were bold enough to suggest the name out of their great love for the nation and gifted it to the State.
During the Quit India Movement of August 1942 several students including Baliram Bhagat and L. N. Mishra actively participated. After freedom was achieved they became prominent public figures and achieved position of distinction in public life.
Since its inception the University has been a saga of progress, advancement, and excellence in the field of higher education. In fact, the alumni of this university provided the bulk of manpower to run the administration at all levels and have significantly contributed to the task of national reconstruction, particularly, during post-independence period. The overwhelming number of teachers, lawyers, judges, journalists literateurs, scientists, engineers, doctors, politicians etc., were alumni of the Patna University.
After independence it was realized by the leaders of the country that modern education was a major resource which ought to be developed to ensure economic progress and major social transformation. Hence efforts were made to popularise modern education. It was also felt that the Patna University, the oldest and a leading university in the country with its sound infrastructure should concentrate on research and divest itself of the responsibility of conducting various examinations at the state level. As a preliminary step, postgraduate teaching in several new subjects such as Statistics, Sociology, Labour and Social Welfare, Applied Psychology, was started. The Postgraduate departments were delinked from the colleges. This was a step towards creation of a residential university with adequate research input which were carried out with great vigor. The structure of the University was completely changed. It was turned into the first residential University of Bihar with the provision that only an eminent teacher should become the Vice-Chancellor. As a result of this Dr. K. N. Bahl a scholarly teacher and eminent Scientist of the country was appointed the first Vice-Chancellor. The structure of the University was further changed. The colleges ceased to impart postgraduate education. For each subject, post-graduate departments were established. It was hoped that the teachers in these departments would devote themselves to research besides carrying on teaching assignments. The change in the character of the University was reflected in the phenomenal increase in the output of research work, publication of research articles and monographs. Doctoral and postdoctoral research were carried out with sincerity of purpose.
These details are retrieved from http://puonline.bih.nic.in
Mission & Vision
The objective of the teaching programme and training in the college is to achieve overall refinement of the student’s perception not confined to the skills of the profession alone but also to create the right kind of intellect, as well as emotional cultivation to arrive at a level of composite creativity and thought.
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B.A in English, Hindi, Urdu, Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, Maithili, Bengali, Philosophy.
Ancient Indian History, Labour & Social Welfare, History, Geography, Economics, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, Home Science
Applied Economics & Commerce.
MBBS, BDS, MS, MD, Physio Therapy, Occupational Therapy.
Applied Art, Graphics, History, Painting and Sulpture The five-year full time Degree course is divided into two parts.
Ancient Indian History, Labour & Social Welfare, History, Geography, Economics, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, Home Science
Ancient Indian History, Labour & Social Welfare, History, Geography, Economics, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, Home Science
M.A in English, Hindi, Urdu, Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, Maithili, Bengali, Philosophy.
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